|Primary Class (ages 2½ through 6 years old)|
The curriculum is designed to help the child develop physically, socially, cognitively and academically. All content areas contribute to the development of concentration skills.
Practical Life activities allow the child to practice everyday skills that help with the development of independence. Tying frames, zipper frames, sweeping, pouring and washing dishes are some examples of activities that allow the child to become proficient with self-help skills. Practical life activities also refine both fine and gross motor skills.
Sensorial materials help sharpen the child's senses. Materials requiring tactile, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, and eyesight discrimination are used to enhance the refinement of each sense. These materials also provide an indirect preparation for math.
Language activities give the children opportunities to acquire new vocabulary by giving them exact names of things that interest them and their components, including insects and flowers. Reading is taught via a phonetic approach, initially teaching the letter sounds rather than the names. This allows the child to blend sounds together and read more easily. While in the primary class, the child learns blends, sight words and is given lessons on the functions of words and how to analyze sentences.
The Math materials are a concrete representation of the abstract concept they are trying to teach. The child manipulates rods, beads, and spindles to understand the concept of numbers, the decimal system and math operations.
Cultural Subjects are presented as an extension of the sensorial and language activities. Geography is introduced through puzzle maps, pictures, stories, songs and artifacts representing a specific country or continent. The children in the primary class have music and movement lessons with the LMS music teacher.
The younger children in the class are exposed to art in different mediums, including visual and tactile forms. Third year students in the primary class have formal art classes with the Lexington Montessori art teacher.